Acne or pimples and its causes

Acne or pimples and its causes


Before we see Acne or pimples and its causes lest first understand:

What is Acne?

inflammation which occurs when oil glands of the skin get infected with bacteria and swells up. The oil glands that are present throughout the skin secretes oily substance called sebum. The sebum helps to maintain the oil balance of the skin and makes it look healthy. When there is any abnormality in the sebaceous gland, acne occurs.


There are many reasons that cause pimples, here are the causes:



Genes play a big role in the make up of your skin. Take a look at your parents' skin or ask them about their skin history and that should give you an idea of your own skin issues.
Some people are just blessed with beautiful skin genes and can sleep in a tub of lard everyday without getting a single pimple.



The most obvious examples of hormonal acne is the acne you get during puberty, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause.
Hormonal acne, especially adult acne, tends to occur lower on the face, around the chin and jaw line. Hormonal pimples also tend to occur with no obvious explanation and be bigger and deeper spots.



Excess sebum clogs the openings to hair follicles -- especially those on the face, neck, chest, and back. Bacteria grow in these clogged follicles. This makes blackheads or white heads. Sometimes, this clogging causes the follicle wall to break under the pressure of this build up. When this happens, sebum leaks into nearby tissues and forms a pustule or a papule, this is called inflammatory acne. Larger, tender pustules are called nodules.


Stress, Lack of Sleep

Stress can wreak havoc on skin and worsen acne symptoms. But it isn't so direct a cause of acne that every time you feel stressed, you instantly get a new pimple. The alternative, being stress-free, also doesn't guarantee clear skin. Stress, however, is definitely something that can aggravate acne and make it worse.
Sleep is also very important, not only for your skin, but also so your body can repair itself as you rest. 



Too much sugar, alcohol, caffeine, etc. can aggravate acne. Meat, dairy, and soy also contain hormones that you may be sensitive to. This goes back to food allergies as a potential cause of acne.


Toxin Build up

Toxins can build up in your body through constipation or poor liver/kidney/intestinal function. When this happens, the build up gets released through your skin, resulting in acne.



Food Allergies or Sensitivities

Food allergies are very subtle but they can pack a big punch in the acne. These include a sensitivity to milk, dairy, iodine, gluten, biotin, sugar, soy, etc.




This is the kind of acne you get when you use a new product. It could also be hygiene related, such as improperly removing makeup or sunscreen.





About Dr. Nitin Jain

Dr. Nitin Jain MBBS , MD - Dermatology , DNB (Plastic Surgery) , DDV , F.C.P.S.(Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy) Dermatologist , Dermatosurgeon , 15 Years Experience as skin specialist and in Hair transplant surgeries